Technology for a food secure tomorrow
The farming land availability on our planet is a constant. But food need is an ever growing problem. This has forced human kind to almost double the density of planting. But the soil has limitations and and the increase in planting density had to be sustained by application of fertilizers. Along with human population increase insects and micro organisms too multiplied forcing use of pesticides and the like. This has made our food highly toxic. Clean food with mass productivity is the need of the hour. .
Agriculture generally in developing countries is labour intensive and relatively less productive. Industrialization is making manpower availability a premium. While this hinders productivity, ever increasing food needs also makes precision agriculture the need of the hour. Advances in sensor technology, communication infrastructure and commonness of computers . . . . .
The role of soil in growing plants is to provide support, to hold plant nutrients and to be home to some useful micro organisms. But there are certain drawbacks in soil based cultivation which makes food production a challenge considering the ever booming population growth, massive food production needs and conservation of essential life resources like water . . .
Shelter is a fundamental requirement for us humans. Shelter is to get protected from climatic harshness and nature's fury. Similarly plants too require shelter and thrive well when protected and grown inside a greenhouse.The term greenhouse includes shade houses, poly houses and glass houses. Choice of type of green house depends on stringency of application and cost considerations. .....